Continental Drift

Wednesday 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM
Genres: International
Host: Elizabeth Cowan

Continental Drift is Atlanta’s longest running international music radio program. Featuring quality traditional and contemporary music from around the planet, you can listen to the world on Continental Drift. We play music from a different country every week!

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continental drift pt.4- colombia

Today’s episode is an exploration of colombian music, featuring my friend (and former dummy op) Carolyne! Playlist here, listen to the episode here.

Colombia is located on the northwest coast of South America. With a population of 51 million, it is the 29th most populated country and officially the biggest country (population wise) that we have featured in this iteration of the drift. With areas including the amazon rainforest, highlands, grasslands, and deserts, it has the second-highest level of biodiversity of any country in the world (second to Brazil). 

Salsa arrived in Colombia in the mid-20th century, after Cuban salsa rhythms made their way across the ocean to Cali (a city that now has the highest number of salsa schools and teams in the world).

Salsa sample:
En Barranquilla Me Quedo // Joe Arroyo, La Verdad

The Embera rap brother duo Linaje Originarios released “Condor Pasa,” which became an unexpected hit and showed how Embera music based on their culture and teachings could become a popular genre. The Embera tribe lives in various communities around Panama and Colombia. However, they are often displaced by rebel fighters and paramilitary groups, which has “wreaked havoc for the spiritual and cultural lives of [their] youth,” according to Higinio Obispo, a leader of the Eperara Siapidara people, part of the Embera tribe. 

The younger generation of Emberas wants to show what “publicly goes unsaid” through their music. This track talks about native culture/environmental preservation.

Embera sample:
Condor Pasa // Linaje Originarios

Cumbia is a mixture of spanish, native colombian, and african music that arose on colombia’s atlantic coast among the african population in the 18th century. Originally, the music contained only percussion and vocals, but the genre grew to include saxophone, trumpet, keyboard, and trombone as well. Cumbia really took hold in the 40s and the 50s ushered in a “golden age of cumbia.”

Cumbia segment:
La Pollera Colora // Pedro Salcedo Y Su Orquesta
Colombia Tierra Querida // Lucho Bermudez
Casate Conmigo // Silvestre Dangond, Nicky Jam

Vallenato means “born in the valley.” The valley influencing this name is located between the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and the Serranía de Perijá in north-east Colombia. The Vallenato genre traces its roots from Colombia’s coast and incorporates indigenous, African, and European cultures through indigenous and African percussion instruments, and the European accordion.

Vallenato sample:
Dejame Entrar – Vallenato // Carlos Vives

Estoy Aqui // Shakira
Nuqui (Te Quiero Para Mi) // ChocQuibTown

Hip hop is experiencing a surge in South America, but Colombia is doing it differently. Colombian journalist Santiago Cembrano has described this movement as ““La epoca del rap de acá.” It is characterized by old-school hip hop elements, incorporating techniques such as boom bap.

LA ETNNIA - Lyrics, Playlists & Videos | ShazamHip Hop/rap de aca segment:
Yo Voy Ganao // Systema Solar
De la Cuna al Ataud // La Etnnia, Full Nelson
In Da Building // Sabez, Ansu

Indie segment:
Al Fin Llegaste Tu // El Gran Martin Elias
Cosas que probablemente no van a pasar // Ev
Suenos en Rosa Reverberado // Hipsum

Special thanks to Margot Cecilia Bernal Dornheim Materasso for her input on this episode!

continental drift pt. 3- new zealand

today we are catching the drift in new zealand (playlist here, listen to the episode here). new zealand is an island country in the southern hemisphere made up of over 700 consistent islands! the official languages of NZ are Te Reo Maori and New Zealand sign language, though English is the predominant language.

Maori music, pre-colonization, was microtonal, featuring a repeated melodic line and focusing on a central pitch. It was made with “taonga puoro” (translated to “musical treasures or heirlooms”), hollowed out wood, stone, whale ivory, and bone (even human). Richard Nunns and Hinrini Melbourne (both of Maori origin) have been bringing back taonga puoro, going on tour to showcase the range of traditional maori instruments. Many modern NZ artists pay tribute to the Maori culture and language, including Lorde, who remade some of her songs from latest album Solar Power in Maori.

Maori segment:
(intro segment): Hua Pirau / Fallen Fruit // Lorde
Taku Putorino // Hirini Melbourne, Richard Nunns, and Aroha Yates-Smith

The “first” pop song to come out of NZ was called “Blue Smoke,” popularized by Pixie Williams and written by Ruru Karatiana. Karatiana wrote it in 1940 on troopship Aquitania, and says of the song, “We were on the ship off the coast of Africa. A friend drew my attention to some passing smoke. He put the song in my lap.”

Early pop sample:
Blue Smoke // Pixie Williams

Rock developed in NZ in the 60s, and hit its stride in the 70s. The record label Flying Nun was very influential in the indie sound of NZ rock. Flying Nun is known for establishing “Dunedin sound,” exemplified in the songs below. Dunedin is a college town in NZ. Dunedin sound is characterized by droning/jangly guitars, indistinct vocals, and lots of reverb. It draws influences from punk rock, pop, and psychedelic music.

Dunedin sound segment:
Made Up In Blue // the Bats
Cruise Control // Headless Chickens
Safety in Crosswords // Look Blue Go Purple

2000-2010 segment:
Lydia // Fur Patrol
Kenya Dig It // The Ruby Suns

The Beths: how New Zealand's favourite pop-rock group made self-doubt their  brand | Music | The GuardianThe Beths are a modern indie band from Auckland, NZ. The lead singer, Beth Stokes, says of the song “Jump Rope Gazers,” “at the core of it, I was picturing the kind of skipping rope where there are two people, one on each end. I think it evokes a distance and hints at being connected and being separated as well.”

Modern indie segment:
Jump Rope Gazers // The Beths
9:30 // Imperial April
Lucky Girl // Fazerdaze
Cool for a Second // Yumi Zouma
Amsterdam // There’s a Tuesday
A Leo Underwater // Daffodils

continental drift: peru

today we’re drifting in peru !!! peru, located on the west coast of south america, is the 43rd most populated country in the world. playlist here, listen to the episode here!

traditional segment:
La Flor de Canela // Chabuca Granda
Elsa // Los Destellos

Musica criolla is a genre of peruvian music that’s a mix of european, african, and andean styles. the name criollo originally represented people of full spanish origin, but in peru it has come to symbolize the culture of the pacific coast of peru.

criolla sample:
Huye de mi // Los Kipus

Another distinctive peruvian style is chicha, a subgenre of cumbia. chicha is characterized by the mixture of pentatonic scales of andean melodies, cuban percussion, and surf guitars, wah-wah pedals, and moog synths.

chicha segment:
La Chichera // Los Demonios del Mantaro (first chicha hit; where the genre gets its name)
Tus Ojitos // Pintura Roja, Princesita Mily

rock music took a hold in peru in the 1960s. after the military coup in 1968, general juan velasco alvarado Kranium - Peruvian Metal History - THE CORROSEUM branded rock music as an “alienating phenomenon,” and as a result many concerts were cancelled, radio stations stopped playing rock, and labels stopped promoting in peru. nevertheless, rock persisted, albeit in an underground sense. underground rock still has a strong culture in peru, especially lima.

underground segment:
En una invernal noche de surf // Leusemia
Si Tu No Estas // Futuro Incierto
Cientos truenos // Almirante Ackbar

peruvian surf rock takes elements from chicha

surf rock segment:
Nostalgia // Way 98
Endless Summer // Mundaka
Timelines // Banana Child

indie segment:
Millennial // Andre Urban, Clara Yolks
Ay Ay Ay // Bareto, Rossy War
Falsa // Maya Endo

nueva psicodelia latinoamericana” refers to the resurgence of psychadelia taking place in latin america, of which peru is at the forefront. I’ve linked a super informative article about this movement.

psicodelia segment:
Piedra Flotante // Hipnoascension
Lima Ciudad // La Ira De Dios

come back and drift with us next week as we travel to new zealand!

continental drift: morocco

The drift is back!! For our first episode, we’re diving into the music of Morocco. Check out the playlist here, and the recoding on soundcloud here.

Morocco is located in Northern Africa, and is the 40th most populated country in the world, with a population of ~37 million people.

Gnawa is a traditional music style from Morocco, characterized by incantations and repetitive spiritual phrases: a sort of ritual poetry. The main instrument is a three-stringed bass lute, called the “gimbri”. 

Gnawa segment:
Solenzara // Omar Khorshid
Laayoune Aaniya // Jil Jilala

Recently, Moroccan artists have combined elements of Gwana with rock, funk, pop, and rap styles popular around the world. Funk especially took a hold in Morocco in the 60s-80s. Record labels like Habibi Funk are reissuing African psych funk albums that would’ve otherwise been forgotten or inaccessible. Habibi Funk was started by Jannis Sturtz, who digs through local record collections of Northern Africa for his label. 

Funk segment:
Bsslama Hbibti // Fadoul
Had to Come Back Wet // Roger Fakhr
La Danse de Nadia // Elias Rahbani
Jawa Jawa // Akale Wube
Ahl Jedba // Fadoul
Soudani // Gnawa Systeme
Haditouni // Douaa
Aflana // Attarazat Addahabia

The Making of Moroccan Funk | The NationAttarazat Addahabia (see left) is often credited for bringing funk to Morocco. This band at its largest had 14 members, including 3 generations from the same family. They achieved enough local prominence to build their own venue before setting off on a tour that made them famous for “marathon shows:” sometimes as long as 12 hours!

Funk is still prominent in the modern music of Morocco, as well as other global music styles.

Modern segment:
Mon amour // De.Ville
Sawt nsaa // Soultana
Gnawa Beat // Bab L’Bluz
Halfa // Zina Daoudia

That’s all for Morocco! Tune in next week for Peruvian beats!

Brazillian Boogie 🇧🇷🕺💃

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Salve Simpatia by Jorge Ben
Vitória Régia Estou Contigo E Não Abro by Tim Maia
Música Maravilha by Sandra Sá
Georgia e Jorge (feat. Lucinha Lins) by Jorge Ben
Pedras De Cristal by Junior Mendes
Tô Parado Na Tua by Almir Ricardi
Preciso Urgentemente Falar Com Cassiano by Sandra Sá
Trem da Central by Sandra De Sá
Amante Amado by Jorge Ben
Palco by Gilberto Gil
Tudo Vai Mudar by Tim Maia
You’ve Got The Love by Al Etto
Natureza Viva by Brenda
Ma Ma Ma Ma Mãe (A Língua Dos Anjos) by Jorge Ben